Enamel is the thin outer covering of your tooth and the hardest tissue in your body. Because enamel is translucent, it can become stained by such favorites as coffee, tea, cola, red wine and tobacco. Routine cleanings can help remove most surface stains and keep your smile vibrant and healthy, but enamel can still erode and leave the tooth surface open to bacteria and decay. Function of Your Enamel Tooth enamel helps protect your teeth from the forces of biting and chewing. It also helps insulate your teeth against extreme temperatures and chemicals. Unlike a broken bone that your body repairs, once your enamel brakes or chips, it is forever damaged. Tooth erosion occurs when acids wear away your enamel, and is commonly the result of: •Excessive soft drink consumption (high levels of phosphoric and citric acids) •Dry mouth •A diet high in sugar and starch •Acid reflux disease •Gastrointestinal problems •Corrosion from certain medications and highly acidic foods •Genetics •Wear and tear or stress •Bulimia and frequent vomiting Fortunately, there are a variety of dental procedures that can help maintain good tooth enamel including regular dental visits and cleanings. If you live in Scottsdale, Arizona and are looking for a qualified dentistry practice, please contact the Scottsdale dentists at Desert Smiles to learn more about how we can enhance your oral health. We also serve patients in the Peoria, Arizona area.